Technology of gas production for cogeneration unit PP154
Purpose and areas of usage
Potential users of this development are enterprises engaged in the processing of various types of biomass, agriculture, domestic consumers of thermal and electric energy. Types of fuel used: solid biomass types: wood waste (cod, bark, etc. ); agricultural waste (sunflower husk, husk buckwheat, rice husk, straw, corn stalks and sunflower, etc. ), biomass pellets.
Main characteristics of development
The range of power of the cogeneration unit: electric power - 10 - 100 kW; thermal power - 60 - 600 kW. In the process of gasification, a synthetic gas with a heat of combustion of 5 - 8 MJ / m3 is formed. The main chemical components of gas are CO, CO2, CH4, H2, N2
Main advantages of development
The project's innovation is the application of two - stage biomass gasification technology. The main advantages of the two - stage technology: the reduction of the resin content in synthetic gas to 6. 5 - 7. 1 mg / m3, which is 2. 5 times less than that obtained with the use of existing biomass processing technologies; Use of biomass with high humidity (up to 50% ) without pre - treatment; the use of biomass fuel makes it possible to reduce emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere; reduction of the cost of transmission of heat and electric energy: since the cogeneration units are located in places of consumption of thermal and electric energy, there are practically no losses in the networks
The development will have a wide demand in the market due to the energy policy of Ukraine, which is aimed at the abandonment of purchasing natural gas.
The state of development
Two pilot semi - industrial units with the capacity of 75 and 100 kW for the original fuel were manufactured. Necessary manufacturing of an industrial design of a cogeneration unit with biomass automatic loading system, heat exchange and pump equipment, internal combustion engine and automation system